Sunday, 15 May 2011

yadav kingdoms

Yadav kingdoms

The lineage of several rulers of ancient and medieval India is traced to Yadu. These include mythological characters such as Krishna, as well as historical rulers such as King Porus, who fought Alexander the Great in the Battle of the Hydaspes River. visit
Asia in 1200 AD, showing the Yadava Dynasty and its neighbors.
Many groups and clans claiming descent from the ancient Yadu clan call themselves Yadavs. Some of the major groups derived from the principal professions they follow or the crafts they practice, for example, Sandilya (Central UP), Bhragudev (Central UP), Gwal and Dadhor (Eastern UP), Gosia (Central UP),* Nirban (Western UP Chaubisa) is a gotra found in rajputs, jats[29] and Ahirs[30] of Haryana.
Gawli, Jadon, Gaurs (also called Goriya, and mentioned in the Mahabharata), Jadhav Maratha), Chawda and Chaudhry in Gujarat, Konar Doss, Karayalar (Yadava) (Tamil: கோனார் pillai (in Tamil Nadu and Kerala), Maniyani, Kondayankotth, Nambiyar, Vathiyar, Nayakkar-Tirunelveli-Tamil Nadu, Mohaladiya Belongs to Alwar Rajasthan, Saini (Shoorseni/Surasena/Shaursaini),[31]
Yudhisthira identifies Shoorsena as his grandfather, and Krishna's father, Vasudeva, as his maternal uncle in Srimad Bhavat Purana: "Is my respectable grandfather Shoorsena in a happy mood? And are my maternal uncle Vasudeva and his younger brothers all doing well?" (Srimad Bhagavatam by Krsna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Translation: A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada and others, Chapter Eleven, Lord Krishna's Entrance into Dwaraka, verse 26)[32][33][34][35][36] Adhikari Bengal and Orissa, Bhatrajus (Andhra Pradesh)Kuruba, Kuruma, Gouda (Orissa), Jambavas, Kuruma, Manthri, Pillai, in Andhra Pradesh Telangana region, Manjrauth (linked with Jarasandh), Rabari in Gujarat, Rauts[disambiguation needed], Pradhans Sridhar Yadav.
The Ahirs believe that their ancestors walked together with Lord Krishna. Yaduvanshi Ahirs synonyms are Yadav and Rao Sahab. Rao Sahab is only used in Ahirwal region consisting of territories of few villages of Delhi, Southern Haryana and Behror area of Alwar district (Rajasthan). Historically, Ahir laid the foundation of Ahir Batak town which was later called Ahrora and Ahirwada in Jhansi district in AD 108. Rudramurti Ahir became the chief of the Army and later on, the king. Madhuriputa, Ishwarsen and Shivdatta were well-known kings from the lineage who mingled with Yadav Rajputs.
As Jhansi was known for a long time as Ahirwada (land of Ahir’s).Ahirs from Ahirwada and Bundelkhand also known Dau sahab (Dau saab). Dau sahab means the powerful and mighty of all. Up to 1800 AD ruling class among Ahirs in Bundelkhand use Rao as their title name, which was replaced by the title Maate. Maate means Mother Goddess or Supreme authority of that region. zamindar having control over multiple villages known as Maate. In Bundelkhand, Ahirs are considered to be very strong and powerful class. In Bundelkhand both Chandravanshi Rajputs/Thakurs (Ahirs, Chandela, Bundela) and suryavanshi Rajputs/Thakurs has equal status.Ahirs of Jhansi and Bundelkhand came from either Rewari or Gurgaon. A town 22 km from Jhansi known as Niwari which is named analogous to the name Rewari of haryana, since Niwari is in jhansi zone it is also an Ahir dominant region.,[37][38]
Sainis, who are now found by their original name only in Punjab and in the neighbouring states of Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. They claim descent from Yaduvanshi Rajputs[39][40] of the Yaduvanshi [41][42] Surasena lineage, originating from Yadav King Shoorsen, who was the grandfather of both Krishna and the legendary Pandava warriors. Sainis relocated to Punjab from Mathura and surrounding areas over different periods of time

यादवो के वंशावली

           Yadu (Ancestor of Madhu)
          Madhu ---- Nanda ----Nandavanshi, Madhauth (Majhauth)
          yadu (Successor of Madhu)
          Krishnauth, Yaduvanshi

यादवो का इतिहास

Yadavs are the descendants of Yadu, the eldest son of King Yayati. It is said that Yadu was expelled by Yayati from his kingdom and became a rebel. His successor was Madhu, who ruled from Madhuvana, situated on the banks of river Yamuna, which extended up to Saurastra and Anarta (Gujrat). His daughter Madhumati married Harinasva of Ikshvaku race, from whom Yadu was born again, this time being ancestor of Yadavas. Nanda, the foster father of Krishna, was born in the line of succession of Madhu and ruled from the same side of Yamuna.[6] Jarasandh, Kansa's father-in-law, and king of Magadha attacked Yadavas to avenge Kansa's death. Yadavas had to shift their capital from Mathura (central Aryavart) to Dwaraka (on the western coast of Aryavart) on the Sindhu. Yadu was a legendary Hindu king, believed to be an ancestor of the god Krishna, who for this reason is sometimes referred to as Yadava.
Ramprasad Chanda, points to the fact that in the Indra is said to have brought Turvasu and Yadu from over the sea, and Yadu and Turvasu are called Barbarian or Dasa. After analyzing the ancient legends and traditions he comes to the conclusion that Yadavas were originally settled in the Kathiawar peninsula and subsequently spread to Mathura.
Of the Yadus, rigveda provides two very interesting data, first, that they were arajinah - without King or non-monarchical, and second that Indra brought them from beyond the sea and made them worthy of consecration.[7] A. D. Pusalkar observed that Yadvas were called Asuras in the epic and puranas, which may be due to mixing with non-aryans and the looseness in observance of Aryan Dharma. It is important to note that even in the Mahabharata Krishna is called Sanghmukhya - Head of Sangh (congress). Bimanbehari Majumdar points out at one place in the mahabharata Yadavas are called Vratyas and at another place Krishna speaks of his tribe consisting of eighteen thousand vratyas. It is interesting to note that much later,
Abhira of Deccan were called Andhra-Vratyas, and Puranas refer to them as Vratyas on many occasions. A Vratya is one who lives outside the fold of the dominant Aryan Society and practice their own form of austerity and esoteric rites. some scholars conjecture that they might have been the source of non-aryan beliefs and practices introduced into Vedic religion